What is “Heavy Cargo Transport” or “Overweight Cargo” aka “OWC”?

What is “Heavy Cargo Transport” or “Overweight Cargo” aka “OWC”?

Here we discuss the definition of Overweight Cargo or OWC and vehicles available for transportation of such unique requirements. 

What is the definition of OWC or Heavy Cargo?

A standard vehicle with highest GVW is an articulated Trailer. A trailer having a double axle in the prime mover and triple axle in the trailer has a GVW of 49 tons. Trailer’s tare weight equals 15 tons approx which allows a maximum payload of 34 tons. Any load weighing over 34 tons cannot be transported on standard vehicles and is know as Heavy Cargo or OWC or Overweight Cargo.

How can OWC be transported?

Heavy Cargo transportation is done on a special equipment known as Hydraulic Modular Trailer or as is commonly known, a Hydraulic Axle Trailer. Hydraulic Axle Trailer is used for any loads heavier than 34 tons. Hydraulic Axle have 8 tyres in a single row, having a GVW of 18 tons and tare weight of approx 4 tons per axle/row. This allows a payload of 14 tons per axle. 

 

Caterpillar Dozer being transported from Mumbai Port to Angul weighing 72 Tons. MAN 400 Puller + 6 Rows Hydraulic Axle.

Caterpillar Dozer being transported from Mumbai Port to Angul weighing 72 Tons. MAN 400 Puller + 6 Rows Hydraulic Axle – Nimbus Logistics.

 

What’s unique about Hydraulic axles is its modularity. These routes can be combined to create a Hydraulic Modular Trailer having 4 rows to any number of rows demanded by the application. This theoretically allows for carrying loads weighing in 1000s of tons, as long as it’s coupled with powerful enough combination of pullers to tow the load. These axles can be combined longitudinally well as laterally.

Multiple Hydraulic Trailer Modules combined lengthways and sideways to form 24 rows x 16 wheels in a row Trailer.

Multiple Hydraulic Trailer Modules combined lengthways and sideways to form 24 rows x 16 wheels in a row, Trailer.

Unique cargo requirements like a very heavy cargo with a very small footprint or a very large footprint with relatively lighter weight or overweight cargo with extreme heights are taken care of by many available options of custom attachments. These attachments and technicalities of heavy equipment transportation requires a separate article of its own and will be discussed in much detail later.

Nimbus Logistics is an ODC and Heavy transport specialist with more than 4 decades of experience transporting Super Heavy and Super ODC cargo. We believe in ethical logistics and transparency. These articles are one of our initiatives to bring more transparency to the much chaotic Indian Transportation Industry. Please support us by sharing our articles and like our facebook page to be the first one to read all our future articles. 

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What are the various costs associated with ODC?

What are the various costs associated with ODC?

In the last article, we talked in brief about what ODC means. In this article, we want to give an overview of the various costs and difficulties related to transportation of ODC and OWC.

  1. Permission: Every Over dimensional cargo requires a permission from the state authorities before plying on the road. The permission takes 3-4 days to obtain. In the case of Hydraulic Axles, the permissions for GVW of up to 169 MT can be obtained instantly using the website of MORTH . This permission is valid for plying over national highways only. The costs for the permission for transporting via Hydraulic Axles is Rs. 1000 per 50 km up to HT3 and Rs. 2000 per 50 km for all configurations above HT3.
  2. Fine: If a vehicle is caught carrying ODC without permission, a fine is imposed. The fine depends on the state policy. Typically fines are defined for over dimension in each dimension individually ie if the cargo is over dimension in width and height, 2 fines will be imposed. In case of Hydraulic Axles, 
  3. Detours: In case there are Obstructions like overhead bridges, electric lines, railway crossings etc, the transportation may have to be done via a longer route.
  4. En-Route Obstructions: Various Obstructions faced by an over dimensional cargo are
    • Railway Crossings: In the case of electric railway lines, the height of electric lines is about 15 feet in height. This is different for all crossings depending on slack in cable, height of the road etc. If the height of the cargo from the road is greater than the height of the cables, a shutdown is required to be taken. The fee of the same depends on the height of the cargo. If the cargo can be passed by just lifting the cables, then the fee is lower compared to if the cables need to be dismantled. The fee is in the range of 1 lakhs for cargo height of up to 16 feet and about 1.8 if the height is greater.
    • Overhead Bridges: Overhead bridges include flyovers, foot over bridges, railway bridges etc. It is important to study the route to locate the overhead bridges en route. Detour is the only option if the height of a bridge is lower than cargo height.

      Nimbus Logistics transporting a 100 tons 6.3m diameter package. We carry route surveys before transportation and have professional supervisors to ensure safe transportation. Here you can see our supervisor assisting in clearing a Pipeline bridge. MAN Puller + Hydraulic Axles

      Nimbus Logistics transporting a 100 tons 6.3m diameter package. We carry route surveys before transportation and have professional supervisors to ensure safe transportation. Here you can see our supervisor assisting in clearing a Pipeline bridge. (Vehicle: MAN 430 + 10 Rows Hydraulic Axles)

    • Electric Lines: Electric lines are shut after paying electric board the charges for outage depending on the duration of the shutdown. After shutdown, depending on the slack and weight of the cable and height of the cargo, the cables can be lifted or can be dismantled.
    • Information and Advertising Boards: These need to be dismantled for the passage of ODC. Many times rigid structures are constructed at the entrance of cities leaving diversion as an only option.
    • Toll Gates: Many toll gates have the last lanes for passage of ODC. In some cases, the toll gates for the oncoming traffic is located at a distance. In these cases, the vehicle can be passed by taking the wrong way for bypassing the toll. If none of the above solutions are possible, constructing diversion and detours are only possible solutions.
      At 5.9m height, the above photo shows a Super Over Dimension Cargo being transported by Nimbus Logistics (Neelu Roadways is our sister concern). The photo shows clearing a toll gateway structure which required extending the road on the last lane by constructing a temporary extension using sand bags and bricks. The cargo was cleared with a few millimeters to spare. Volvo Puller with Hydraulic axles

      At 5.9m height, the above photo shows a Super Over-Dimension Cargo being transported by Nimbus Logistics (Neelu Roadways is our sister concern). The photo shows clearing a toll gateway structure which required extending the road on the last lane by constructing a temporary extension using sandbags and bricks. The cargo was cleared with a few millimeters to spare. (Vehicle: Volvo 400 + 10 Rows Hydraulic Axles)

       

  5. Construction of bridges, causeways, and roads: Many river bridges are designed to support weights of up to 200 tons. Carrying heavier cargo requires the construction of causeways and bridges. The below photo shows a bridge constructed over a river using sandbags for crossing a 350 tons package. Similarly, roads need to be constructed in areas having poor road conditions.
  6. We at Nimbus Logistics have immense experience handling all the imaginable issues faced while transporting an over-dimension cargo and over-weight cargo. This experience is what enables us to provide a thoroughly calculated rate and avoid any en-route surprises, hence minimising our’s and our client’s risks.

 

Nimbus Logistics is an ODC and Heavy transport specialist with more than 4 decades of experience transporting Super Heavy and Super ODC cargo. We believe in ethical logistics and transparency. These articles are one of our initiatives to bring more transparency to the much chaotic Indian Transportation Industry. Please support us by sharing our articles and like our facebook page to be the first one to read all our future articles. 

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